People with Covid discharged to care homes over fears for NHS, UK inquiry told

People With Covid Discharged To Care Homes Over Fears For Nhs, Uk Inquiry Told
Professor Jenny Harries, England’s deputy chief medical officer, has been giving evidence to the UK's Covid-19 public inquiry. Photo: PA
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By Jane Kirby, Ella Pickover, Storm Newton and Christopher McKeon, PA

People with Covid-19 were discharged to care homes over fears about the NHS getting “clogged up”, the UK Covid-19 inquiry has heard.

Professor Jenny Harries, England’s deputy chief medical officer during the pandemic and now head of the UK health security agency, told the inquiry of how an email she sent in mid-March 2020 described the “bleak picture” and “top line awful prospect” of what needed to happen if hospitals overflowed.


Discharging people to care homes – where thousands of people died of Covid – has been one of the central controversies when it comes to how the UK government handled the pandemic.

On Wednesday, the inquiry was read an email exchange between Rosamond Roughton, an official at the UK Department of Health, and Ms Harries on March 16th, 2020.



Ms Roughton asked what the approach should be around discharging symptomatic people to care homes, adding: “My working assumption was that we would have to allow discharge to happen, and have very strict infection control? Otherwise the NHS presumably gets clogged up with people who aren’t acutely ill.”

Ms Roughton added that this was a “big ethical issue” for care home providers who were “understandably very concerned” and who were “already getting questions from family members”.

In response, Ms Harries emailed: “Whilst the prospect is perhaps what none of us would wish to plan for, I believe the reality will be that we will need to discharge Covid-19 positive patients into residential care settings for the reason you have noted.


“This will be entirely clinically appropriate because the NHS will triage those to retain in acute settings who can benefit from that sector’s care.

Covid-19 pandemic inquiry
Dame Jenny Harries giving evidence at Dorland House in London. Photo: Screengrab/PA.

“The numbers of people with disease will rise sharply within a fairly short timeframe and I suspect make this fairly normal practice and more acceptable, but I do recognise that families and care homes will not welcome this in the initial phase.”


Questioned about this email, Ms Harries told the Covid inquiry it “sounds awful” but was intended to provide “a very, very high level view” of what would happen if there was an “enormous explosion of cases”.

She said: “It was a very bleak picture because I think the reality was, this isn’t an invitation to be discharging Covid patients, it’s actually a reality that says if hospitals overflow … those who are physically well to go, will go.”

She later added it was a “high-level view of what was coming over the hill” and should not be read as her, saying that such a move was “fine”.

She said: “My message on the 16th … this was a look ahead and think, ‘this is what will happen in due course’, it doesn’t give a timeframe.


“You should not take my email as to say, ‘the NHS is suddenly going to discharge lots of Covid-positive patients and that’s absolutely fine’.

“What it was doing was painting a picture to the person who was contributing to policy on the official side at the Department of Health.”

She added: “I’m really keen to emphasise my email was a high-level view so people were aware of what was kind of coming over the hill, but the hill was still a little way away.”

Inquiry counsel Andrew O’Connor then suggested there was “some degree of equanimity about discharging large numbers of Covid-19 patients into that very vulnerable environment”.

Ms Harries replied, “if I may, I think that’s an interpretation”, adding: “This was a very high-level picture to reinforce, if you like, the position that the country was in at that weekend, and I think we’ve heard that in other places.

“If people were not thinking through what the likelihood was in the rising numbers of cases, as we’ve heard, I don’t think we have sensible conversations about managing risks.

“This is not a policy at all. This is a statement of, ‘if you have a pandemic in a country, how on earth are you going to manage that exponential rise in cases?’”

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