The West must step up weapons deliveries to Ukraine and prove its commitment to helping the country’s military fight along a 620-mile front line in a grinding war of attrition with Russia, US defence secretary Lloyd Austin has said.
Opening a meeting in Brussels on supporting Ukraine, Mr Austin urged more than 45 participating nations to demonstrate “our unwavering determination to get Ukraine the capabilities that it urgently needs to defend itself”.
“We must intensify our shared commitment to Ukraine’s self-defence, and we must push ourselves even harder to ensure that Ukraine can defend itself, its citizens and its territory,” he added.
The meeting, also attended by Ukrainian defence minister Oleksii Reznikov, came on the opening day of a two-day gathering of Nato defence ministers at the alliance’s headquarters.
Increased arms supplies cannot come soon enough for the Ukrainian forces battling to keep Russia from taking control of their country’s industrial east after more than three months of war.
In his nightly address to the nation, President Volodymyr Zelensky pleaded for more and faster deliveries of western arms, specifically asking for anti-missile defence systems.
Mr Austin told the Brussels meeting he was grateful for all the military aid the nations already have shipped or pledged to Ukraine, but cautioned that: “We can’t afford to let up and we can’t lose steam. The stakes are too high.”
The Nato meeting will also discuss Sweden and Finland’s applications to join the transatlantic military alliance.
The meeting, less two weeks before a summit of Nato leaders in Madrid, comes with Kyiv imploring the West to send more and heavier weapons to help fend off Russia’s onslaught in eastern Ukraine.
“Allies are committed to continue providing the military equipment that Ukraine needs to prevail, including heavy weapons and long-range systems,” Nato secretary general Jens Stoltenberg said.
He added that Mr Zelensky would be invited to address the June 29-30 Madrid summit, either in person or by videoconference.
Ukrainian deputy defence minister Hanna Malyar said on Tuesday that the invaded nation’s military had received only around 10% of the western weapons it had requested “to create parity with the Russian army”.
“No matter how much effort Ukraine makes, no matter how professional our army, without the help of western partners we will not be able to win this war,” Ms Malyar said in a televised news conference.
She said Ukraine uses 5,000 to 6,000 artillery rounds a day, while Russia uses 10 times more.
The defence ministers meeting this week also plan to discuss moves to beef up forces along Nato’s eastern flank and elsewhere, which have gathered pace since Russia invaded Ukraine.
“This will mean more presence, more capabilities and higher readiness, with more Nato forward deployed combat formations to strengthen our battlegroups in the east, more air, sea and cyber defences, pre-positioned equipment and weapon stockpiles,” Mr Stoltenberg said.
He would not commit to a timeframe for Sweden and Finland joining Nato. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is blocking the membership bids as he accuses the Nordic nations of supporting Kurdish militants deemed by Turkey to be terrorists.
“My aim is to solve this issue as soon as possible, but since we are several nations involved in this process, there is no way to tell you exactly when we will solve it,” Mr Stoltenberg said.
Because of Turkey’s concerns “this will take some more time than we originally expected”, he said.
Mr Erdogan signalled that he will not back down.
— NATO (@NATO) June 15, 2022
“We will most definitely not change our stance until Sweden and Finland take clear, concrete and determined steps in the fight against terrorism,” Mr Erdogan said in an address to his ruling party’s legislators.
All 30 Nato members must agree to admit new members.
UK Defence Secretary Ben Wallace said at a meeting on Wednesday in Oslo that the ambition for the Nato summit in Madrid is ensuring “that Sweden and Finland are successfully on the next step towards accession into Nato”.
“I think it is very important we listen and understand Turkey’s concerns and work to a position where Turkey will support the accession and indeed that we can mitigate any of those concerns,” Mr Wallace said.
He added that the West needs to do more to support Ukrainians battling advances by far better equipped Russians.
“The Ukrainian forces in the east of the country, some of them have been on that front line for 90 days. They are exhausted. They are often, in artillery terms, outnumbered at very, very high ratios,” he said.