Arata Isozaki, a Pritzker-winning Japanese architect known as a post-modern giant who blended culture and history of the East and the West in his designs, has died aged 91.
Isozaki died on Wednesday at his home on Japan’s southern island Okinawa, according to the art magazine Bijutsu Techo. It reported that he died of old age.
Isozaki won the Pritzker Architecture Prize, internationally the highest honour in the field, in 2019.
He began his architectural career under the apprenticeship of Japanese legend Kenzo Tange, a 1987 Pritzker laureate, after studying architecture at the University of Tokyo.
Isozaki founded his own office, Arata Isozaki and Associates, which he called Atelier, around 1963, while working on a public library for his home prefecture of Oita — one of his earliest works.
He was one of the forerunners of Japanese architects who designed buildings overseas, transcending national and cultural boundaries, and also as a critic of urban development and city designs.
Among Isozaki’s best-known works are the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles and the Palau Sant Jordi stadium in Barcelona built for the 1992 Summer Games. He also designed famous buildings such as the Team Disney Building and the headquarters of the Walt Disney Company in Florida.
Born in 1931 in Oita, he was 14 when he saw the aftermath of the US atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagaski in August 1945, which killed 210,000 people.
That led to his theory that buildings are transitory but also should please the senses.
Isozaki said his home town was bombed.
“So I grew up near ground zero. It was in complete ruins, and there was no architecture, no buildings and not even a city,” he said when he received the Pritzker. “So my first experience of architecture was the void of architecture, and I began to consider how people might rebuild their homes and cities.”
Isozaki was also a social and cultural critic. He ran offices in Tokyo, China, Italy and Spain, but moved to Japan’s southwestern region of Okinawa about five years ago.
He has taught at Columbia University, Harvard and Yale. His works also include philosophy, visual art, film and theatre.