Raffaele Esposito, the 19th century Neapolitan credited with inventing Italy's most famous type of pizza, may be turning in his grave: Rome has a new vending machine which slides out freshly cooked pizzas in just three minutes.
Buyers using the flaming red 'Mr. Go Pizza' machine can choose from four different kinds of pizzas costing from €4.50-€6. The machine kneads and tops the dough and customers can watch the pizza cook behind a small glass window.
Reviews by customers of the machine, one of the first in Rome, ranged from "acceptable if you're in a hurry" to outright horror.
"It looks good, but it is much smaller than in a restaurant and there is less topping," said Claudio Zampiga.
People have been eating forms of flat bread with toppings for millennia, but it is generally accepted that pizza was perfected in Naples, where it was a street food for the poor.
Tradition holds that Esposito created the classic 'Pizza Margherita' on June 11th, 1889 to honour the queen consort, Margherita of Savoy, during her visit to Naples with King Umberto I.
He used tomatoes, mozzarella and basil leaves to represent the colours of the flag of a just united Italy - red, white and green. A plaque is affixed to a wall in Naples saying "Pizza Margherita was born here".
'It's not pizza'
Fabrizia Pugliese, a Naples native and university student in Rome, gave the machine-made pizza a try and gave it a thumbs down, saying it tasted more like a "piadina", an ultra-thin soft unleavened bread wrap popular in northern Italy.
"It's OK but it's not pizza," was her verdict.
Gina, a pensioner who declined to give her surname, rejected the concept outright.
"Terrible. Pizza really needs to be eaten hot, immediately. This doesn't work for me," she said.
In fact, for many Italians, the classic pizza experience includes watching a "pizzaiolo" (pizzamaker) knead the dough and cooking it in a wood-burning brick oven within sight of your table.
In its current location, at least, the Mr. Go Pizza machine will face stiff competition getting a slice of the market.
Nearby is the Napolitano restaurant, which uses a brick oven.
"I wouldn't even think of eating a pizza made by a machine," said Giovanni Campana, biting into one.
Esposito, who made a pizza fit for a queen 132 years ago, would likely agree.