North Korea fired two short-range ballistic missiles into the sea on Thursday, hours after US vice president Kamala Harris flew home from a visit to South Korea during which she emphasised the "ironclad" US commitment to the security of its Asian allies.
It was the third round of missile launches by North Korea this week, extending a record pace in weapons testing as it accelerates a push to expand its arsenal and pressure Washington to accept it as a nuclear power.
South Korea’s Joint Chiefs of Staff said the North Korean missiles were fired nine minutes apart from an area near the city of Sunchon, just north of the capital, Pyongyang, and flew toward waters between the Korean Peninsula and Japan. It did not immediately release more details.
Japan’s military said it also detected a launch. North Korea fired two short-range ballistic missiles on Wednesday, while Ms Harris was in Japan, and fired one before she left Washington on Sunday.
Ms Harris earlier capped her four-day trip to Asia with a meeting with South Korean president Yoon Suk Yeol and a stop at the Demilitarised Zone (DMZ) dividing the Korean Peninsula, where she addressed the threat posed by the increasingly hostile North.
There are also concerns that North Korea may conduct a nuclear test, which would move the country closer to being acknowledged as a full-fledged nuclear power.
Visiting the DMZ has become something of a ritual for American leaders hoping to show their resolve to stand firm against aggression.
At the DMZ, Ms Harris went to the top of a ridge, near guard towers and security cameras. She looked through bulky binoculars as a South Korean officer pointed out military installations on the southern side.
Then an American officer pointed out some of the defences along the military demarcation line, including barbed-wire fences and claymore mines. He said American soldiers regularly walk patrols along a path.
"It’s so close," Ms Harris said.
Ms Harris then visited one of a row of blue buildings that straddle the demarcation line, where an American officer explained how the buildings are still used to conduct negotiations with North Korea. Sometimes they pass messages back and forth; sometimes they use a megaphone, he said.
"That’s high tech," Ms Harris joked, before adding, "We’ve stepped into history."
"It’s still going," the colonel said.
Ms Harris agreed. "The past and present are happening every day."
She then walked out of the building and up to the demarcation line. On the North Korean side, two figures dressed in what appeared to be hazmat suits peeked out from behind a curtain in a second-floor window. Then they disappeared back inside.
Ms Harris described the North Korean missile launches as provocations meant to "destabilise the region" and said the United States and South Korea remain committed to the "complete denuclearisation" of the North.
"I cannot state enough that commitment of the United States to the defence of the Republic of Korea is ironclad," she said.
"In the South, we see a thriving democracy. In the North, we see a brutal dictatorship," she said before flying out of the border on a US military helicopter.
Earlier, Ms Harris met with President Yoon at his office in Seoul and reaffirmed the US commitment to defend the South with a full range of its military capabilities in the event of war, Mr Yoon’s office said.
They expressed concern over North Korea’s threats of nuclear conflict and pledged an unspecified stronger response to major North Korean provocations, including a nuclear test.
Ms Harris and Mr Yoon were also expected to discuss expanding economic and technology partnerships and repairing recently strained ties between South Korea and Japan to strengthen their trilateral cooperation with Washington in the region.
Their meeting also touched on Taiwan, with both reaffirming their countries’ support for "peace and stability" in the Taiwan Strait, according to Mr Yoon’s office, which did not elaborate.
Ms Harris’ trip was organised so she could attend the state funeral of former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, but her itinerary was dominated by security concerns, a reflection of fears about China’s growing power and North Korea’s ramped-up testing activity.
In every meeting, Ms Harris tried to lay to rest any fears that the United States was wavering in its commitment to protect its allies, describing American partnerships with South Korea and Japan as the "linchpin" and "cornerstone" of its defence strategy in Asia.
Mr Yoon, who took office earlier this year, had anchored his election campaign with vows to deepen Seoul’s economic and security partnership with Washington to navigate challenges posed by the North Korean threat and address potential supply chain risks caused by the pandemic, the US-China rivalry and Russia’s war on Ukraine. But the alliance has been marked by tension recently.
South Koreans have decried a new law signed by US president Joe Biden that prevents electric cars built outside of North America from being eligible for US government subsidies, undermining the competitiveness of car makers like Seoul-based Hyundai.
During their meeting, Ms Harris told Mr Yoon that Washington will try to address South Korean concerns as the law is implemented, Mr Yoon’s office said.
Scott Snyder, an analyst at the Council on Foreign Relations, said the dispute over electric vehicles has swiftly become a firestorm that US officials cannot ignore, although there may not be a simple solution.
"It’s taking on a level of urgency that’s making it into a political problem that requires management," Mr Snyder said. "I don’t know that it’s going to be easy for the Biden administration to do that."
After meeting Mr Yoon, Ms Harris, the first woman to serve as US vice president, held a roundtable with female leaders on gender equity issues.
Mr Yoon has faced criticism for the lack of female representation in government and his downplaying of broader inequalities.
"If we want to strengthen democracy, we must pay attention to gender equity," said Ms Harris, who also raised the issue with Mr Yoon.
There are indications North Korea may up its weapons demonstrations soon. South Korean officials said last week that they detected signs North Korea was preparing to test a ballistic missile system designed to be fired from submarines.
The US aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan was to train with South Korean and Japanese warships in waters near the Korean Peninsula on Friday in the countries’ first trilateral anti-submarine exercises since 2017 to counter North Korean submarine threats, South Korea’s navy said Thursday.
US and South Korean officials also say North Korea is possibly gearing up for its first nuclear test since 2017. That test could come after China holds its Communist Party convention the week of October 16th, but before the United States holds its midterm elections on November 8th, according to Seoul’s spy agency.
North Korea has punctuated its testing activity with repeated threats of nuclear conflict. Its rubber-stamp parliament this month authorised the preemptive use of nuclear weapons in a broad range of scenarios where its leadership comes under threat.
Nuclear diplomacy between the US and North Korea remains stalled since 2019 over disagreements on easing crippling US-led economic sanctions against the North in exchange for the North’s disarmament steps.