Albert Reynolds dies
Former Taoiseach Albert Reynolds has died at the age of 81.
He served as Taoiseach for just under three years and made a lasting contribution to the peace process in Ireland.
His family have reported that he passed away shortly before 3am this morning.
A native of Co. Roscommon, Mr Reynolds led Fianna Fáil in two coalition governments.
He is survived by his wife Kathleen, two sons and five daughters.
His former constituency colleague Denis Naughten says he will be missed.
Mr Naughton said: "I served in the Longford-Roscommon constituency with Albert Reynolds for his last five-year term, and I think one of the most significant things and his lasting legacy has been the signing of the Downing Street Declaration.
"While looking back now it may seem insignificant, at the time it was a significant development that took place in the relationship between the UK and Ireland."
Former Fianna Fáil TD Mary O'Rourke was a constituency colleague of Albert Reynolds in Longford-Westmeath, and says he was a great TD at constituency level and internationally through his work on the Northern Ireland Peace Process.
Sinn Féin President Gerry Adams expressed his condolences to Mr Reynold's family.
Mr Adams said: "I’m really sorry to hear of the death of Albert Reynolds.
“Albert acted on the North when it mattered. My thoughts are with Kathleen and all the Reynolds family.
“May he rest in peace.”
Meanwhile, former Fianna Fáil Minister Michael Smith says Albert Reynolds was a very practical and hard-working politician who played a key role in negotiating the Peace Process.
Albert Reynolds was a straight-talking, risk-taking businessman who worked to the top of the government and became one of the most influential leaders in the country’s history.
Proving that “nobody should be afraid of peace”, a fearless Mr Reynolds made every moment of his two years as taoiseach count and forged an agreement that would have lasting effects on Ireland and the UK.
He bravely forged allegiances with unlikely figures and used his direct business know-how to help build the foundations that brought peace to a divided nation.
But before he became one of the main architects of the historic Downing Street Declaration of 1993, Mr Reynolds built an empire with nothing but sheer determination and resourcefulness.
Born in 1932, he grew up in the small village of Roosky in Co Roscommon.
Never one to let an opportunity pass, the gutsy risk-taker abandoned a sensible job for the state to capitalise on the big craze of the 1950s and swinging 60s, and bought into the dance hall scene.
He and his brother Jim built up an empire. Eventually, owing to his inherent nose for business, Mr Reynolds invested wisely in what was to become a major multimillion-pound company, setting him up for a hard-earned life of success.
But not content with a life at the helm of a major organisation such as C&D Foods, the tenacious entrepreneur embarked on yet another career. One in which he could put his can-do attitude, straight talking and diplomacy skills to good use – politics.
He was first elected to the Dáil for the Longford/Westmeath constituency in 1977 for Fianna Fáil and quickly moved up the ranks and was appointed a government minister just two years later.
It was as minister for posts and telegraphs where he helped revolutionise Ireland’s fledgling telecommunications system and transformed it into one of the best in Europe.
Later, as minister for finance from 1988 to 1991, he reduced all personal tax rates for the first time in 20 years.
But it was after he was finally elected Taoiseach in 1992 that Mr Reynolds really began to make a difference.
He worked tirelessly with then-prime minister John Major, Gerry Adams and then-SDLP leader John Hume to try to deliver stability to the North.
The Downing Street Declaration, which Mr Reynolds co-signed with Mr Major on December 15, 1993, paved the way for an IRA ceasefire in 1994, which in turn led loyalist paramilitaries to declare an end to terrorism, and laid the foundations for the eventual signing of the Good Friday Agreement in 1998.
Mr Adams recently claimed that Mr Reynolds brought a new dynamic to negotiations about peace that his predecessor Charlie Haughey never could or would.
He branded him the “best taoisigh to deal with the north” and praised his “directness” in addressing the potential for progress.
“Albert Reynolds was the Taoiseach who welcomed John Hume and me into Government Buildings on September 6, 1994,” Mr Adams has said.
“His wife Kathleen and their family also welcomed me into their home and we enjoyed copious cups of tea during the ups and downs of that time.
“His was a relatively short term as taoiseach but Mr Reynolds ended exclusions, formal censorship and brought the Irish government in from the cold.”
But his successes with the peace process and Anglo-Irish relations were not enough to maintain stability in the Dáil and, following a dispute with Fianna Fáil's then coalition partner Labour, Mr Reynolds resigned as leader of the party and as taoiseach in late 1994.
He later became embroiled in another battle – an infamous court fight against the Sunday Times.
In what was to become a landmark defamation case, the former Taoiseach objected to a 1994 article claiming he had misled the Dáil.
The story in question had the headline “Goodbye Gombeen Man”, which unfairly suggested he was a wheeler dealer.
After a complicated 24-day trial, Mr Reynolds won a symbolic one penny in compensation.
His case set a precedent and is now referred to in British libel law as the “Reynolds defence”.
Media that plead a similar defence argue they can print untrue and defamatory information if they can prove it is in the public interest.
In 1997, Mr Reynolds suffered another political defeat in an internal Fianna Fáil election to determine the party’s presidential candidate.
He was beaten by Belfast-born academic Mary McAleese, who went on to win the presidency and served as head of state for two terms.
After 25 years as a TD in the Dáil, Mr Reynolds later retired from politics in 2002.
A self-confessed family man, husband to Kathleen and father to seven children, the once busy businessman-turned-politician enjoyed retirement for a number of years.
But his health became poor and in 2008 he was deemed medically unfit to give evidence at the Mahon Tribunal as it investigated years of planning corruption at Dublin City Council.
In December 2013, he was conspicuous by his absence at the 20th anniversary of the signing of the Downing Street Declaration – the agreement that many considered his crowning achievement. His wife, who shunned media and public events during her husband’s glittering career, stood in for him.
That week, his son Philip revealed that Mr Reynolds was in the very last stages of Alzheimer’s disease and in need of 24-hour care.
At the end, he was unable to have conversations with people.
Many have described it as a tragedy that a man so intelligent, eloquent and strong-willed could be affected in such a way.
But his triumphs and achievements will be regarded in history as among some of the nation’s most significant.
- Sign up here to receive news by email. Once per day, no spam.